Saturday, March 29, 2014

0 Few simple measures to prevent Norovirus 2014


 Over the past recent months many people are asking what to do to protect themselves from norovirus. Recently in the news constantly reports of an outbreak of norovirus in several states and several cruise ships. This time, however, he changed into a different more resistant new Norovirus strain called Sydney (first discovered in Australia in 2012.). In addition to bad seasonal flu, which rages across the country, this is yet another health threat from which we must guard. I will try to provide you some information useful to reduce the risk of contracting norovirus. First, let me give you some information about this virus.






What is norovirus? 


You may have heard that Norovirus is a disease during the cruise because it often breaks out on cruise ships. Norovirus is often confused with "food poisoning" because it can get infected by eating food contaminated with the virus.
Norovirus however, spread on land, annually infects about 20 million people.

Norovirus lasts between 2 and 4 days with vomiting and diarrhea, leading to dehydration. Noroviruses can even resemble flu because both viral diseases have several similar symptoms. However, they are caused by the completely different viruses, and appear differently. Unlike the flu for norovirus has no vaccine and no specific drugs to treat symptoms such as Tamiflu in flu.

How to tell if you have flu or norovirus?


Flu, although similar symptoms with norovirus as nausea / vomiting, fever, muscle aches and fatigue is a viral disease that affects the respiratory system and is accompanied by character sentencing cough. Norovirus is a virus affecting the digestive system and is typically manifested by the following symptoms:
  • Rapid onset of stomach cramps, nausea / vomiting / diarrhea 
  • Noroviruses can lead to severe dehydration complications 
Although norovirus is usually not serious in most people, it may become one in very young children and the elderly due to dehydration. This is a complication of the virus from the loss of fluids in vomiting and diarrhea.




Important if you touch a norovirus is to make every effort to make up for lost fluids by drinking small sips of water or eat a few tablespoons of chicken soup, which will contribute to fluid retention in your body.

Dehydration can lead to other complications such as irregular heartbeat from electrolyte imbalance. Can lead to fainting. You may remember the case when Secretary of State Hillary Clinton fainted and hit his head. This was due to norovirus spent her last week. Dehydration can take you to the emergency room for intravenous fluids. Symptoms of dehydration include:
  • Dry mouth and throat 
  • Dizziness, loss of balance upright 
  • Less urination with darker than normal urine 

How to reduce the risk of infection with norovirus 


Noroviruses spread in public places where there are crowds. It is the leading cause of disease caused by contaminated food. Particularly vulnerable are public salad bars, buffets offering leafy vegetables, fresh fruit and oysters, mussels and shrimp in which the food is touching many people. Wash your hands for at least 30 seconds with hot water and soap. Hand disinfectants kill the flu virus, but have little effect on norovirus.

With norovirus you catch and fruit and vegetables bought from the supermarket, if grasped by many people. Be sure to thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables before you eat them. Norovirus is often spread by touching contaminated surfaces and then touching a hand to mouth, nose, eyes, where the virus can enter the body. Try not to touch your face, at least not before you wash your hands before.

People infected with norovirus by the moment the virus gets into them and remain infectious after a few days, the symptoms recede. If you are caring for sick norovirus, can reduce the spread of the virus by wearing gloves when collecting his clothes for washing. Wash your laundry at the highest temperature. Use detergent with bleach to clean surfaces in case of vomiting and / or diarrhea.

You can strengthen your own immune system in the following ways:


1. Optimal levels of vitamin D, make sure that your levels of vitamin D were more than 30 ng / dL (this will have to do a blood test). Take 500 mg of vitamin D daily during flu season.
2. Optimal levels of vitamin C. 500-1000 mg vitamin C, in divided doses throughout the day to assist the prevention of viral infections.
3. Optimum nutritious food. Make sure you have enough antioxidants, omega-3 fats, antiviral herbs such as garlic, onion, ginger in food. Also take a good multivitamin additional vitamin D3 and 1-2000 mg omega-3 fatty acids per day.

No need to get sick from norovirus. Following the most basic precautions such as simple hand washing and avoiding touching the face, along with the optimization of food so as to strengthen your immune system will do wonders for maintaining your health and preventing viruses throughout the winter.

Be healthy!

Wednesday, March 12, 2014

0 Why men are more vulnerable to the flu virus?


Men with more testosterone are more likely to get sick from the flu, as they have a weak immune system, finds a new study by scientists from Stanford University in the U.S.A.

Scientists say high levels of testosterone are directly related to the weakness of the immune system. To this conclusion they reached after watching a weakened response to vaccines against influenza virus in men with more testosterone. The data obtained are one of the versions explaining the greater sensitivity of males to various infections.

Men with high testosterone produced less anti-viral antibodies in the application of the flu vaccine, but did those with lower levels of the hormone in plasma had a profound immune response to force , as in women.

Science has long known that men are more susceptible to bacterial, viral and parasitic infections and less influenced not only by the influenza vaccines, but also against those for yellow fever , measles, hepatitis and other diseases.



Unlike men women exhibit beneficial effects of vaccination because of increased concentrations of immune cells.

According to the study authors first study focuses on gender differences in the immune system, however , the findings show that gender is a major determinant clear variability of the immune response.
The obvious question that arises: why nature has created the male sex hormone like Achilles heel ?

As testosterone hormone determines the strength and masculinity , the severity of muscle and body hair on men . Why their increased resistance poses a risk to weaken the resistance of men to various infectious diseases ?

Scientists propose an evolutionary explanation for this - the representatives of males are more prone to violence and injuries and that somewhere weakens the immune system. At the same time, it plays a life-saving role as a higher incidence of infection that is triggered by aggressive behavior and walking hunting restricts men for acts of violence and unnecessary risk.

In addition , they are more susceptible to influenza, men with higher levels of testosterone, apparently will fight harder and with flu symptoms. To fight flu symptoms need our body to produce anti bodies that fight the flu virus. When we are unable to produce these anti bodies, we are unable to deal with the flu symptoms.

Tuesday, March 11, 2014

0 The cases of infected with bird flu in China grow , but there is no danger of an epidemic.

bird flu H7N9 2014


On Tuesday, January 28 , the total number of people infected in China for 2014 H7N9 virus reached 100 . However, experts say there is no danger of an epidemic during the weekends for the most important holiday in the country - the Spring festival , or Chinese New Year .

In recent days, almost daily reports of new cases of people infected with the virus H7N9. On Tuesday, January 28 , in the eastern Zhejiang province were reported 4 new cases that number this year has reached 53 people .

According to the initial infection with the virus H7N9, which was announced in February 2013, so far in mainland China they are already over 245 people , they died by Tuesday, January 28 are 56. In May last year the cases declined , but as happens generally with flu virus during the winter months at the end of 2013 cases of people infected with the new strain again started to increase. In January according to the National Center for Control and Prevention of Disease , the number of people infected has exceeded 100, and the deceased 19.




Despite rapid growth in the number of people infected with bird flu , authorities say that the likelihood of a major epidemic remains small, given that the transmission of the virus from person to person has been sporadic.

Feng Dzadzyan is deputy director of the National Center for Control and Prevention of Disease .

" In epidemiology work with an index that defines the diseases that can be spread among the people. If the disease can spread , the index will be greater than one. This means that the disease can be transferred from one person to more . However, when the index is below unity , the disease will not spread on a large scale . Our analysis of the H7N9 virus and its index by 0.09 points show that there is a serious danger of the outbreak . "

WHO also said that so far there is no evidence of " stable " transfer of the virus between humans. Chinese authorities take draconian measures to limit the reach of people living birds. Cities in Hangzhou , Ningbo and Dzinhua trade in live birds was banned and Hong Kong , where one paid Guangdong Province chickens was discovered virus H7N9, were slaughtered 20,000 birds. authorities in SAR banned imports of live poultry from mainland China and sell them for three weeks.

Shu Yuelun is director of the National Center for flu. According to him, there is no danger of bird flu epidemic during the Spring holiday, which is a peak period travel in the country.

" The disease is spread primarily from birds to humans. During peak travel for spring holiday, regardless of the massive gathering of people in one place , no particular risks of spreading disease . So exodus will not lead to the outbreak of the epidemic. "

He added that this should not soothe ordinary citizens. Authorities will step up monitoring for potential virus carriers in key transportation hubs , airports, railway stations and bus stations . Passengers who were with temperatures above 38 degrees and have had contact with live birds will be required to undergo a medical examination before you set off.

China has made progress in developing a vaccine against H7N9. Hunanskata company " Hualan Bioengineering " in early January announced that the vaccine being developed by its subsidiary " Hulan Biobakterin " has passed initial approval of health authorities , but it will take time until the produce it

The meeting with the media, dedicated to current concerns about bird flu , Chief Executive of Hong Kong Lan Chunin , questioned whether residents should continue with the habit to buy live poultry markets . According to him, this practice should be reconsidered , since even a single case of bird flu in Hong Kong, forcing residents to pay a social price for their health.

Lan Chunin added that all the Hong Kong society, including poultry dealers , restaurants and other sectors should pay attention to the advice of the authorities and personal hygiene, as well as to comply with health orders.

Every time after registration of a case of infection with H7N9 authorities SAR killing thousands and even millions of birds to ensure that the infection does not spread .

Last Sunday , Deputy Prime Minister of China Liu Yandun also spoke specifically on the topic of avian flu , indicating the need for coordinated efforts to prevent and control infection .

Under the plan for the diagnosis and treatment of people infected with the virus H7N9, which was announced last week , the majority of people who have contracted the disease from another person , it was an accident and can not talk about regularity. However , the danger remains, and the Chinese authorities are doing everything possible to limit the possible outbreak of a real bird flu epidemic.

Monday, February 17, 2014

0 Contagious Causative Agents of the stomach flu 2014

Stomach flu 2014
What is Stomach flu?

How contagious is the Stomach Flu?

Contagious Causative Agents of the stomach flu

Viral Induced Gastroenteritis

Bacterial Induced Gastroenteritis

Parasite Induced Gastroenteritis




Not all medical conditions that contain flu in their name are influenza. For example Stomach flu, also known as gastric flu, refers to as gastroenteritis and definitely not influenza or flu. Some times when the causative agent is a virus, inflammatory cells can be found because of an inflammation of the stomach, small intestine and a possible inflammation of the large intestine. This could cause a high body temperature, which is a normal reaction of the defense of the organism.

What is Stomach flu?


An important thing is to take notice at the suffix “itis”, most of the terms that contain it, mean inflammation. All medical conditions with the suffix “itis” at their end indicate inflammatory condition like gastroenteritis or more commonly known in layman's term as stomach flu. Gastroenteritis causes irritation and, or inflammation of the stomach, intestine or even the entire gastrointestinal tract.

How contagious is the Stomach Flu?


Contagious means to have the ability of transmitting a condition or a disease by a direct or indirect contact with infected objects, food or people. Stomach flu is transmitted through the oral-fecal route. The most common causes are contaminated water, poor hygiene and bad conditions of the food preparation.



Contagious Causative Agents of the stomach flu


Viral Induced Gastroenteritis


Medical researches show that stomach flu contagious caused by norovirus is around 50%. 20% are caused by the rotavirus and it mostly affects children. The rest 30% are caused from poorly prepared food.

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Bacterial Induced Gastroenteritis


Common bacteria like campylobacter jejuni, clostridium, eschirichia coli, salmonella, shigella, staphylococcus, vibrio cholera and yersinia cause a physical experience and more or less symptoms like those of diarrhea. At times accompanied by colitis or inflamed large intestine.

Parasite Induced Gastroenteritis


The parasites cryptosporidium and giaradia can provoke a strong stomach flu which could last for weeks. Giaradia's brooding period is around from 1 to 2 weeks and for the cryptosporidium is from 2 to 10 days. Both parasites originate from excrement. Common causative factor is water that has been contaminated by parasite infected stool. It is very important for children to be reminder to keep their mouths closed when playing with or in water, because even one gulp of contaminated water is a big threat for the health. Contamination by food is not excluded. It is important to note that the cryptosporidium cannot be eradicated by the chlorine, used for the water treatment.

Trichinella parasite contaminates raw and poorly prepared foods, mainly meat. It may cause symptoms which can last for 1-2 days and start from puking, loose bowel movement and sometimes pain in the abdomen up to a greater extent puffiness of the eyes and muscular pain persisting for weeks.

Sunday, January 26, 2014

1 Flu symptoms 2014: 20 children died of swine flu H1N1.

children died of H1N1 symptoms 2014

This year's fearsome flu virus hit the U.S. by storm and continues to spread. According to the latest report by federal health officials, it is left behind for 20 dead children until 20 January. Their number has doubled since the last report of the Center for Control and Prevention of Disease about deaths from pediatric flu.
 For many people, the flu is nothing more than a fever, cough, and muscle aches. But health officials society warn that many cases of infection with flu virus with fatal outcome, the death of the patient.

Influenza can be deadly not only for children and the elderly.

In its weekly report , the Center for Control and Prevention of Disease reports that highest rate of people hospitalized reported in people aged 65 years or older . The next increase in hospitalization groups, ages 0 to 4 years and 50 to 64 years . However, 61% of hospitalized cases were people aged 18 to 64 years.
 Between 3,000 and 49,000 people die from flu diseases each year in the U.S. , according CDC and this year will be different.

A recent case of a deceased child of the influenza virus is Savannah Hyden. She died during the second week of January in hospital Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital near Vanderbilt University near Nashville. Savannah 's parents say that she did not accept the flu vaccine this year.
The girl developed a bacterial infection after contracting infection with influenza. Infection is caused cardiac arrest and later the girl's death.
Savannah Hyden 's mother is shocked that only three days after her daughter had flu symptoms had already been placed on life support systems.




Another child died earlier this month from the flu, Lydia Christine Kizziar of Carrollton, Texas. They were 13 years old , and her younger sister is currently in hospital and is struggling with the same disease. This year Texas is severely affected by swine flu and is one of the strongest flu outbreaks. H1N1 virus atтack the southern U.S. and threatening residents in the country.

Kaitlyn Mills of Bossier City, Louisianan , 8, is another victim of this year's flu virus . And she died in the first half of January after infection with swine flu H1N1. Death occurred just one day after the parents have noticed that show flu symptoms.

Ronan Burgess - 5 year boy of Oregon, also died of the swine flu virus H1N1.
25% of patients who go to hospital and were tested for influenza have been positive
result, according CDC.
During the last flu season, at the same time of the year there was 25 children died from influenza. Health officials remind that if patients with influenza treated in time, there is much more likely to recover completely. There are antiviral drugs that fight effectively with flu viruses, but should be implemented on time.

Flu Vaccine.

Health officials recommend everyone over the age of six months to get the flu shot. People at high risk of serious flu complications include young children, pregnant women, people with chronic health conditions like asthma, diabetes or heart and lung disease and people 65 years and older.

Flu Prevention

Health authorities I warn people to protect themselves from contact with sick people with the flu. Avoid places where usually many people congregate, such as metro, shopping centers, train stations, even cinema and theaters. Wash your hands frequently and avoid touching your mouth, eyes and nose when you're out. Influenza virus lasts up to 72 hours on surfaces ipredmeti. In a study done at the home of a family with a sick child, it was found that influenza viruses have 60% ​​of the furniture and belongings in the home. If you do not have running hot water to wash your hands, then use wet wipes or alcohol gel to disinfect hands. When you are outside, especially if there is crowding, wear a mask on his face. If you do not have a mask, put the scarf in front of your nose and ustatsi.
 If you feel sick and you suspect you have the flu, limit contact to a minimum so as not to spread the disease .

Saturday, January 18, 2014

1 Stomach flu 2014: Stomach flu makes us step out of line.

Stomach flu symptoms 2014

Every year the hospitals are visited urgently by thousand patients with gastroenteritis (known as stomach flu) diagnoses. Reasons for the disorder vary, but the result is one – total isolation from normal life for at least ten days.

Gastroenteritis (in Greek “gaster” – stomach and “enteron” - large intestine) better known as “stomach flu”, although it is not related to the typical virus flu. It is an inflammation of the stomach and small intestine. In more than half of the cases stomach flu is caused by Norovirus or food poisoning. Pathogenic bacteria like salmonella, Shigella, Escherichia coli, staphylococci get within the body due to consumption of improperly prepared foods. The intoxication result in disrupting the synthesis of digestive enzymes, worsen digestion and metabolic processes.

The first symptoms of the stomach flu occur at the same maximum on the second day of the contamination. The progression of the disease depends upon the viruses or bacteria that have caused it.

Symptoms of bacterial gastroenteritis are

  • high body temperature;
  • headache;
  • muscle pain;
  • spasmodic abdominal pain and diarrhea;
  • frequent vomiting.

The symptoms of viral gastroenteritis are

  • strong rheum;
  • cough;
  • sore throat;
  • high body temperature;
  • headache;
  • vomiting;
  • dry mouth.

Self-healing is absolutely forbidden!

The most dangerous consequence of the Stomach flu is dehydration. Because of frequent vomiting and diarrhea, body water is lost fast and important minerals with it. This could lead to low blood pressure, seizures and if not medically assisted promptly, could lead to kidney failure. Therefore in the presence of these stomach flu symptoms it is important not to lose precious time and go to see a medic. Self-healing is absolutely forbidden! Frequent water consummation will only quench the thirst, but will not restore the salt water balance in the organism. That is why patients with stomach flu get treated in the infection department. After the results of the made researches, which determine the causative agent for the disease, the required treatment is appointed.




Dehydration symptoms

  • dryness in the mouth;
  • abnormal urination;
  • weakness;
  • drowsiness;
  • soreness;

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Stomach flu Treatment

Treatment of stomach flu begins with a gastric lavage with a special solution. Lots of water must be consummated after this procedure. In case of strong general intoxication, rehydration therapy is conducted to restore the salt water balance in the organism. In case of viral gastroenteritis, antiviral drugs are prescribed. After that patients take medications for restoration of the intestinal flora. The solution for a fast recovery is rest in the bed and a strong diet. The menu must contain non fat broths, oatmeal with water, biscuits and unsweetened tee. If these recommendations of the doctors are fallowed strictly and after the ten days procedures of the gastrointestinal tract, the patient can fully recover and don’t worry for any adverse consequences in the future. Exception make patients with low levels if antibodies, where the infection can repeat itself or transform into a chronic form with repetitive cycles of exacerbation and remission.
Children, after going through the viral gastroenteritis, develop a comparative immunity for the disease, which protects them from another contamination.

Self-help

Stomach flu is one of the diseases, which can be easily prevented. For a specific prophylactic of the rotavirus infections, there are two vaccines, which have passed clinical tests. Both contain weakened live viruses and are taken by mouth. To avoid infection, follow these basic hygiene rules:
  • Wash your hands before feeding.
  • Look carefully for the expiry date of the foods and check the temperature and the conditions they have been kept in.
  • Drink only filtrated or bottled water, stop all ice drinks.
  • Prepare the products on a clean cutting board.
  • Thoroughly wash vegetables, fruits and greens.
  • Do not consume raw eggs.
A reason for the development of stomach flu could become the rotaviruses. They are very contagious. In 90% of cases, the contamination is transmitted by dirty hands. There is very low chance that the disease can be transmitted by air.

    Tuesday, January 14, 2014

    0 Flu symptoms 2014: Flu epidemic 2014. Deaths from H1N1 flu virus increasing.

    USA H1N1 epidemic

    Health authorities reported that the incidence of flu in Texas are widespread and increasing.

    With five percent is increased incidence of flu, according to the Center for Disease Control. Denton health department workers said they're treating hundreds of new flu cases, with most being the H1N1 strain of the virus. Increase in the number of patients with flu, monitor and The Dallas County Health and Human Services Department.

    Health workers say they do not know when the flu season will reach its peak, but it certainly is now on the rise.
    On this occasion of DCHHS I warn that now is the time to get your flu vaccine if you have not already done so. Reported as having less than 2000 shots and flu season has not yet reached its peak . So in late January and early February, it will be very difficult to find a flu shot.

    "With the cold snap we've been experiencing most people returning sick and go to jobs and schools, and to pass it ," said Jose Aguillar department Tarrant County Public Health.

    Four states have the highest activity of influenza viruses as The CDC's FluView tool, which tracks Influenza and influenza-like illnesses. These are Texas, Mississippi, Alabama and Iowa.

    The Associated Press reported that the H1N1 flu strain known as swine flu is linked to several deaths in Texas. Including the death by the end of December last year, 30 year-old from Euless.




    For seven deaths from H1N1 flu virus better known as swine flu, reported by California State Department of Public Health . All deaths under the age of 65.

    Still continued investigation of 28 deaths in California , in order to determine whether they are caused by the swine flu. The number of children who died from H1N1 swine flu to 01/10/2014 in Texas was 5. And there continue to monitor the increase of people infected with this flu strain .

    In 2009, H1N1 caused a worldwide pandemic. The main risk groups for this flu are children, pregnant women, people with chronic diseases and the elderly over 65 years of age. This year, however, infected with swine flu are mainly young people and adults under the age of 65.

    In 4 of 5 deaths in Canada's Thunder Bay also confirmed that the H1N1 virus is the cause. And , as we know in Canada was recorded and the first case of H5N1 bird flu in North America, in which a young woman died after returned from a trip to China.

    Experts expect a dramatic rise in cases of flu in February and March when the normal flu season is at its peak.

    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warns that now is the time to get your flu vaccine if you have not done so. For some risk groups , even recommended to get vaccinated every 6 months.
     

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